Canadian cuisine varies widely across the country, the earliest foods having First Nations, English, Scottish and French roots. Subsequent waves of immigration from Central, Southern, and Eastern Europe, South Asia, East Asia during the 19th and 20th centuries profitably augmented these earlier roots.
Dishes may be identified as Canadian due to the ingredients used or the origin of their inception but the actual style is more difficult to define due to the large numbers of cultures that have influenced it.
Others believe that Canadian cuisine should reflect Canadian ingredients, locally sourced, that thrive in the Canadian climate and that though shaped and impacted by extensive immigration, with the types of foods and from different regions and periods of Canada reflecting this immigration.
Salmon were consumed fresh when spawning or smoked dry to create a jerky-like food that can being stored year-round.
The latter food is commonly known and sold as salmon jerky
In the arctic, Inuit traditionally survived on a diet consisting of land and marine mammals, fish, and foraged plant products. Meats were consumed fresh but also often prepared, cached, and allowed to fermented into igunaq or kiviak.
These fermented meats have the consistency and smell of certain soft aged cheeses. Snacks such as muktuk, which consist of whale skin and blubber is eaten plain, though sometimes dipped in soy sauce.
Chunks of muktuk are sliced with an ulu prior to or during consumption.
Foods such as bannock, popular with First Nations and Inuit, reflect the historic exchange of these cultures with Scottish fur traders, who brought with them new ingredients and foods.
Common contemporary consumption of bannock (left), powdered milk, and bologna by aboriginal Canadians reflects the legacy of Canadian colonialism in the prohibition of hunting and fishing, and the institutional food rations provided to Indian reserves
A bit harsh on the Brits, the French, the Germans and the Scandinavians as a whole but in many ways we do deserve it.
But did it really do any lasting harm? Best ask the Americans I suppose!